Taijiang National Park is located in the southwest of Taiwan. Overall the park’s planned area stretches from the southern sea wall of Qingshan Fishing Harbor to the south bank of Yanshui River and is mostly public coastal land. Main island Taiwan’s most westerly point, Guosheng Lighthouse, is within the boundaries of the park which measures 20.7 kilometers north to south and has a planned area of 39,310 hectares, of which land will account for 4905 hectares The sea area will cover a band extending 20 meters from the shore and 54 kilometers long from Yanshui River to Dongji Island, an area of 34,405 hectares.
Tidal land, sandbanks and wetlands Special terrain and geological landscape
Tidal land is one of the most distinctive features of the park’s coastal landscape. The land along the Tainan coast has a gentle gradient and the rivers that flow into the sea on the west coast carry a large amount of sand. For topographical and geological reasons the water flow slows sharply when the rivers enter the sea with the result that the sand they carry is deposited around the river mouths. Over time the effect of wind, tide and waves causes the river mouth to gradually silt up and rise outwards, forming natural tidal land or sand banks. In the park, a wide tidal flat has been formed close to the shore while a number of offshore sand bars have also been formed in the breaking wave area, creating a special coastal landscape. Taijiang National Park has four main wetland areas: Zengwen River mouth wetlands, Sicao wetlands which are of international importance, and Qigu Salt fields wetlands and Yanshui River, wetlands which are of national importance.
Rich marine wildlife resources
A 1998 survey by Wetlands Taiwan found that Zengwen River mouth and Luermen River mouth areas have a total of at least 205 species of shellfish, 240 species of fish and 49 crab species…illustrating the ecological importance of these places. The productivity of wetlands is also much higher than ordinary farmland and the plentiful food supply attracts numerous wild creatures, fish and shrimp, and shellfish which live and breed there. Sicao wetlands has ten species of Fiddler crab: Uca arcuata (de Haan, 1835), Uca lactea (DP Haan, 1835), Uca borealis (Crane, 1975), Uca formosensis (Rathbun, 1921), Uca triangularis (A. Milne Edwards, 1873), Uca tetragonon (Herbst, 1790), Uca dussumieri (h. Milne Edwards, 1852), Uca crassipes (Adams and White, 1848), Uca perplexa (H. Milnft edwards, 1852), and Uca coarctata (H. Milne edwards, 1852). Yanshui River mouth is the only place in Taiwan where ten species of fiddler crab can be found.
Diverse land ecological resources
Most of the park area was originally part of the Taijiang Inland Sea. Over 200 years, land formed by silting and led to the area being turned salt fields and fish ponds and the establishment of villages. It is on the migration route for Asian after birds and every autumn and winter tens of thousands of birds pass through or stay on the salt fields, ponds or new land at the river mouth for the winter. Surveys carried out over the years by Wild Bird Society of Tainan show that almost 200 species of bird have been seen in the park area, with protected species, including the black faced spoonbill, numbering 21. The birds’ habitat is mainly the Zengwen River and Qigu Rivermouths, Qigu salt fields, Jiangjun River mouth, Beimen salt fields, Jishui River mouthand Bazhang River mouth.
The park area was settled early and the natural habitat has been disturbed quite heavily by human activities, consequently most of the mammals found here are species that are commonly seen on land. So far 11 species of mammal have been recorded, including small non-forest mammals like Japanese House Bat(Pipistrellus javanicus), house shrew (Suncus murinus)、and Taiwan bandicoot rat (Bandicota indica).
Five species of amphibians have been found in the park area: Spectacled toad (Bufo melanosticu), Chinese bullfrog(Rana tigerina rugulosa), Rice field frog (Rana limnocharis limnocharis), Ornate narrow-mouthed toad (Microhyla ornata) and Guenther's frog (Rana guntheri). Five species of reptile have also been found: Common House gecko (Hemidactylus Dumeril & Bibron, Five-striped Blue-tailed Skink(Eumeces elegans Boulenger), Stejneger's grass lizard (Takydromus stejnegeri Van Denburgh), Striped-tailed Rat Snake(Elaphe taeniura friesi) and Chinese common cobra (Naja atra(Cantor) ). The Chinese bullfrog, Guenther's frog, Stejneger's grass lizard, Striped-tailed Rat Snake and cobra are all rare and protected wild animals. Because most of the park area is developed, has little forest cover and human activity is frequent, terrestrial invertebrates are common. 26 species of firefly and butterfly have been recorded. The firefly (Pyrocoelia analis Fabricius) used be numerous in the
park area but now is rarely seen. The population can be restored and firefly watching activities held in the park.
Many species of plan grow within the park. According to the Industrial Development Bureau’s “Tainan Technology Industrial Park Environmental Monitoring” report (2005) and surveys by Wild Bird Society of Tainan and Kaohsiung Wild Bird Society, 205 species of plant, in 151 genera and 55 families can be found in the Dasicao area alone, with relatively rare flora including four types of mangrove: Black mangrove mangrove(Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.), Kandelia (Kandelia candel(L.) Druce), Lumnitzera racemosa Willd, Rhizophora stylosa and plants that live in sand and saline soil, including Seahore vine morning glory (Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) Sweet subsp. brasiliensis (L.) Oostst.), Eulophia graminea Lindl, Myoporum bontioides, Beach Naupaka Scaevola hainanensis Hance, Blinding Tree (Excoecaria kawakamiiHayata).
Historic and cultural resources
Many Han migrants from China crossed the “black ditch” (the Taiwan Straits) and then settled in the Taijiang area. It thus had central role in the settlement of Taiwan and the formation of Taiwan’s ocean culture. Taiwan’s history and its ocean culture are inseparable and, in particular, the culture formed from the experiences of the early settlers is closely connected to the ocean culture of the Taiwan Straits. The shipping route between Xiamen and Luermen played a key role in the development of early society in Taiwan. It was the main channel for exchange between China and Taiwan and the main route taken by Han people migrating from China to Taiwan. On the Xiamen-Luermen route Penghu was a halfway point and also a shelter when needed. Wave after wave of Han people migrated to China from the 17th century. Sailing across the black ditch is a common historical memory of the people of Taiwan and a symbol of the settlement of Taiwan.
Most of the migrants were from Fujian and Guangdong provinces opposite Taiwan and were mostly from Zhangzhou, Quanzhou or Hakka people. Most of the people from coastal Quanzhou in southern Fujian made a living by fishing, drying salt, aquaculture and selling foreign goods so, when they migrated to Taiwan, they chose to live on the coast continuing to depend on the sea.
6000-7000 years ago the area from Yushan along the Zengwen River valley to the Tainan area was the area of activity of the Zhou tribe. They interbred with the Siraya Pingpu tribe of Taiwowan village and formed the Taivoan group, also called Sishe Pingpu. Around 300-400 years ago the Siraya tribe was distributed around the Tainan plain and the Taivoan group (a Siraya sub-tribe) lived on the Tainan plain on the middle reaches of Zengwen River. Records from the Dutch era show that the Pingpu population of the southern plain was much larger than anywhere else, and the villages in Xiaolong, Madou, Xingang and Wanli and other areas were large.
On April 21, 1661 Koxinga led 25,00 men on several hundred ships from Keluo Bay, Kinmen, passing by Penghu, landing at Luermen and Heliao Harbor and surprising the Dutch defenders. Using superior force they quickly took the weakly defended Chikan Tower (in today’s Tainan City) and then began a siege of the heavily defended walled city (today’s Anping district of Tainan City). After nine months of war, helped by Han migrants who had been helped by his father to cross the Taiwan Straits in earlier years, Koxinga defeated the Dutch in 1662. The Dutch governor was forced to surrender and the Dutch withdrew from Taiwan. He then worshipped the mountains and rivers, issued the order to settle the land and established the Kingdom of Dongning. “Chengtian Prefecture, covering south of Taiwan and part of the east, was established and Tainan became “Eastern capital”. Many communities in Tainan City and county were formed 400 years ago.
Last Updated: 2010-01-13
Time established: July 1992
Total area: 76,850 ha
Administrative region: Located Wufong Township and Jianshih Township of Hsinchu County, Tai-an Township of Miaoli County, and Heping Township of Taichung County
Landscape and Geology
It is the third mountainous national park in Taiwan. Shei-Pa National Park is an area with high mountains, deep valleys and winding landform. There are 51 mountains above 3,000 meters high, of which 19 are listed as Taiwan Centuple Mountains. The landscape is versatile with magnificent scenic spots such as Syueshan Glacial Cirques, Daba Peaks, Busioulan Cliff and Pintian Mountain Fold.
Flora and Fauna
From Da-an River valley at 760 meters to Syue Mountain main peak at 3,886 meters, the range of elevation is about 3,000 meters. Complex terrains and diverse climates nourish a wide variety of flora. Among them, extensive Yushan Juniper forests and Taiwan White Fir forests are famous for their beauty. Moreover, animal species and population are also well preserved. Altogether there are 52 species of mammals, 150 species of birds, 16 species of fresh water fish, 26 species of reptiles, 14 species of amphibians and nearly 100 species of butterflies. The national treasure fish— Formosan Landlocked Salmon— is a relic from the Ice Age. Yet, destruction of their habitat has led to a significant decline in population. Only a small number of the fish can be found in Cijiawan Creek. The two banks of Cijiawan Creek are therefore designated as Formosan Landlocked Salmon Conversation Area.
Historical and Cultural Sites
The Shei-Pa area is home to Atayal and Saisiyat people. Being the legendary birthplace of the Atayal and Saisiyat ancestors, Dabajian Mountain is not only worshipped as a holy mountain, but is also an important pathway of Atayal people’s migration. Atayal people often live dispersedly at the foot of mountains below 2,000 meters where the weather is cool and land is suitable for farming. Saisiyat people live to the west of the Atayal, between 500 and 1,000 meters in altitude. The most distinct feature of the Atayal culture is the facial tattoo, and Saisiyat is famous for its very mysterious Pasta'ai (ritual of the pygmies). In addition, as early as around 3,500 years ago, cord marked pottery culture already appeared in the region, which is best represented by Cijiawan Creek Archaeological Site at the altitude of 1,698 meters, also known as the highest vestige dated back to the Neolithic Age found in Taiwan.
Landforms in the park are mainly mountains and valleys. Syue Mountain, Dabajian Mountain and Wuling Quadruple Mountains are all above 3,000 meters high. Syue Mountain (3,886 meters) is the highest peak of Syue Mountain Range and also the second highest mountain in Taiwan. Shei-Pa National Park is named by combining one characters from this mountain and another from the “World Unique Peak”— Dabajian Mountain. Dajia River valley, Jiayang Alluvial Fan & river terrace, and meander core bring colors to park sceneries as well.
The Park has distinct four seasons due to the distribution of landform and humidity amid river valley. Early spring rain and plum rain make the park very misty, while in late spring, the mountain is full of wild flowers. In summer, typhoon and convective rain dominate. In autumn, temperature would fall drastically at night when cold air mass moves south and frost can be seen everywhere in the early morning to shape a colorful picture with a mountain full of red foliage and the azure sky. Snow is common in winter, delivering a rare snow view in Taiwan.
Complex and diversified landforms, hydrology, and climate have conserved abundant biological resources. There are altogether 26 endemic species of animals living in Shei-Pa National Park, including the valuable and rarely seen Broad-tailed Swallowtail Butterfly, Formosan Landlocked Salmon, Guanwu Formosan Salamander, and Formosan Black Bear, as well as endemic birds like White-throated Laughing Thrush, Formosan Hill Partridge, Mikado Pheasant, Swinhoe's Pheasant, and Formosan Yuhina. There are more than 1,100 species of vascular plants, of which 61 are rare plants, such as Taiwan Sassafras, Devol’s Balsamine, Dumasia miaoliensis, and Botrychium lunaria.
Shei-Pa National Park Headquarters 100, Shueiweiping, Fusing Village, Dahu Township, Miaoli County, Taiwan 36443
Service hours: 8:30-17:00 Tel: 886-37-996-100 Fax: 886-37-996-302 Website: Shei-Pa National Park
1. Shei-Pa National Park Headquarters & Wenshui Visitor Center
(1) Take National Highway No. 1—exit by Miaoli Interchange (132.8K, Exit No.28)—Drive on Provincial Highway No. 6 in the direction of Miaoli for around 500 meters—Turn left to Provincial Highway No.72 in the direction of Dahu—Turn right at the end stop Wenshuei to Provincial Highway No.3—Turn left after crossing the bridge to Miaoli Rural Highway No.62 toward the Headquarters
(2) Take National Highway No. 1—exit by Miaoli Interchange—take Provincial Highway No. 6 in the direction of Gongguan—Arrive at the meeting point of Provincial Highway No.3 and Miaoli Rural Highway No.62—Turn left to Miaoli Rural Highway No.62 toward the Headquarters
2. Wuling Recreation Area
(1) Take Yilan Branch of the Central Cross-Island Highway (Provincial Highway No.7) from Yilan, through Nanshan and Sihyuanyakou, eventually arrive in Wuling.
(2) From Taichung, through Caotun of Nantou County, Puli, Wushe, Hehuan Mountain, Dayuling, and Lishan, then take Yilan Branch of the Central Cross-Island Highway, eventually arrive in Wuling.
3. Guanwu Recreation Area Take National Highway No. 3—exit by Jhulin Interchange—move forward in the direction of Jhudong—then take to Hsinchu County Highway No. 122—pass through Wufong, Cingcyuan—arrive in Tuchang—take Dalu Forest Road —Guanwu
4. Syuejian Recreation Area
(1) Take Provincial Highway No.3 southward or northward—Dahu—turn to Miaoli Rural Highway No.61—pass through Erbensong— Shimasiian Forest Road— Syuejian
(2) Take Taichung Rural Highway No.47 from Jhuolan Township of Miaoli County—pass through Shihlin Dam—take Miaoli Rural Highway No.61—Erbensong—Syuejian
1. Check road conditions, weather, and accommodations before visiting the park.
2. Observe restrictions and be cautious of the signs in the park and follow park staff’s instructions.
3. There is management station, a visitor center and a Shei-Pa Police Squad in every recreation area to provide information and first-aid services.
4. Climbers must obtain Mountain Entry Permit and Park Entry Permit. 5. Cijiawan Creek is a conversation area. Do not enter without prior permission.
6. Mountainous areas are important water resources reservations and wildlife habitats. Please protect the natural environment and prevent fire.
7. Do not travel alone in mountainous areas.
8. To preserve water resources and land, Please do not leave the trail or take shortcuts.
9. To protect the environment, no trash shall be left behind.
Wuling Recreation Area
Located in an ever-misty valley called “Shangri-La”, the whole region is mountainous with an average annual temperature of 15℃, which is cool and agreeable. Wuling is very steep but beautiful; the valleys of Cijiawan Creek, Wuming Creek, and Wuling Creek form a canyon; in the north. The four famous magnificent mountains on the ridge of Syue Mountain form the Wuling Quadruple Mountains. Along Taoshan Waterfall Trail, there are various red leaf plants, such as Taiwan Red Maple, Formosan Sweet Gum and Green Maple and animals such as Large-billed Crow, Taiwan Firecrest, and White's Ground Thrush can also be observed.
Guanwu Recreation Area
Guanwu Recreation Area is situated at an average altitude of 2,000 meters with an average annual temperature of 15℃. This area faces the valley formed by Ban Mountain, Jhen Mountain, and Sanrong Mountain. When humidity at lower altitude rises to this region, as the temperature drops, water vapor turns into fog to mist the whole valley. That is the reason why it is called Guanwu (seeing fog) in Chinese. There are altogether six major trails in the region: Yulun Trail, Kuaishan Big Trees Trail, Guanwu Waterfall Trail, Jhenshan Trail, Leshan Forest Road and East Branch of Dalu Forest Road. In the view-watching platforms and trails behind Guanwu Visitor Center, visitors can have a grand view of the magnificent towering rock ridge of Shengling Ridge. April to June is the best time for bird watching. Commonly observable species include Formosan Yuhina, Yellow-throated Minivet, Green-backed Tit, and White-eared Sibia.Butterfly season starts in early spring. There are Graphium eurous asakurae; in spring and Papilio hoppo with Highland Red-belly Swallowtail Butterfly in summer.
Syuejian Recreation Area
It is a natural recreation area in the park and at the altitude of between 800 and 2,100 meters. Due to the landform and slope direction, visitors can have a full view of the ridges of the magnificent Shengling Ridge and Dasyue Mountain in the park. Together with the abundant hydrological resources and well-preserved forests, it provides wildlife with a conducive natural environment. The areas along Beikeng Creek Historic Trail were gathering places of the Atayal people. Therefore, Atayal cultural relics and historical remains belonging to the Japanese colonial period are abundant.
Last Updated: 2010-03-05
Time established: November 1986
Total area: 92,000 ha
Administrative region: Stretching over Sioulin rural township, Hualian County, Heping rural township, Taichung County and Renai rural township, Nantou County
Landscape and Geology
Taroko National Park is a mountain national park with almost 50% of the area located over 2000m above sea level and 27 of the Top 100 Mountains in Taiwan. The Hehuanshan Mountains, Heshecilai, Central Cianshan and Nanhu Mountain form the unique geographical landscapes in the park. The gorge is made up of layers of marble, schist, gneiss and phyllite, and the gorge itself is a miniature version of the eastern part of the Central Mountain Range. For the same reason, many special land formations are found there, including the ring valley, the gorge, the rift valley, high-level terrace and the meander core.
Flora and Fauna
The height difference between the mouth of Liwu River near sea level and the Nanhu Mountain in the area is 3742m. When climbing the gorge from the Central Cross-island Mountain, one can experience all four seasons in the same day. Plant landscapes change along with the altitude, and the plant ecology in the high mountain and limestone areas are the most characteristic. The rich land formations and plant faunae in the area provide the best habitats for various animals. Vascular bundle plants found there share about a third of all plant families across Taiwan. The terrestrial mammals there share about half of all mammal families in Taiwan. Ninety percent of the resident birds and over half of all butterflies found in Taiwan are seen in the park.
Historical and Cultural Sites
A group of people with a mixture of Kirin and Puyuma cultures entered the mouth area of Liwu River (Fushih site) about 2000 years ago and were the first inhabitants of Taroko. About 1200 years ago, a group of Provincial Shihsanhang people skilled in pottery entered and settled at mid- and down-stream from the Liwu River. About 200-300 years ago, Truku people and Tuse people from the Sedeq Group of the Truku Tribe moved eastward and settled in mid- and up-stream from the Liwu River and Tuse River areas. It was not until the Truko Incident of 1894 and the Wushe Incident of 1920, that these indigenous people were forced by the Japanese to migrate to the lower mountain area or flatland areas to facilitate their control and management. Today, a total of 79 historic sites of indigenous people are found in the area.
Taroko National Park is mainly located in the area surrounded by the Liwu River Valley, the eastern and western Cross-island Highways and the outer mountain areas. As the lifeline of Taroko National Park, the Liwu River starts from Hehuan Mountain and the north peak of Cilai Mountain and runs eastward across the mountains and valleys there for a distance of 58.4km before entering the Pacific Ocean in the north of Sinzheng. Over the past millions of years, the Liwu River has been cutting the oldest marble stratum in the geological history of Taiwan here in Taroko and the crust in the area continued to rise. Together with the combined effect of weathering and corrosion, traces of eras and tectonic plate movements over time are seen everywhere in the Taroko Gorge.
Taroko was described as “The most beautiful scene of heaven and earth and the greatest fun of all mountains and rivers.” Entering Taroko National Park is like walking into a splendid and spiritual ink wash painting, with great green mountains, murmuring rivers, thick forests, floating mists and clouds, valleys and mountains, and waterfalls and strange stones.
All have captivated the soul of countless travelers marveling at the greatness of nature.
Taroko National Park Headquarters Fushih 291, Fushih Village, Siulin Township, Hualien County, Taiwan 97253 Service hours: 8:30-17:00 Tel: 886-3-8621-100-6 ext. 360 and 361s Fax: 886-3-8621-263 Website: Taroko National Park Headquarters
1. Visitors can drive to the park via the Suao-Hualien Highway (Provincial Highway No. 9), the Central Cross-island Highway (Provincial Highway No. 8), and Wushe Highway (Provincial Highway No.14A). 2. Visitors may go to Hualien by plane or by train and take the local bus (Hualien Bus Company). Visitor may also rent a car or motorcycle to get there.
1. Please check the weather conditions and pay attention to the weather forecast before departure. Please also check the traffic conditions, your vehicle condition and relevant equipment. Please inform friends and relatives of your general itinerary.
2. Please prepare warm clothes because great climate change is expectable when traveling along the Central Cross-island Highway that runs from low to high elevation.
3. Beware of thick fog from Sinbaiyang to Guanyuan.
4. It only takes a spark to start a fire. Beware of fire!
5. The Central Cross-island Highway and trails running along it are subject to falling rocks and debris flows one week after downpours and earthquakes. Visitors should take extra precautions.
6. Please prepare maps, compass and mountain entry permits and get a qualified guide when visiting the mountain areas on both sides of the Central Cross-island Highway.
7. Small falling rocks often foreshadow large falling rocks. Please be alert to falling rocks and get away from any falling rock sites immediately. Please also warn others of falling rocks.
8. Venomous snakes, poisonous bees are rampant in the area during summer and autumn. Beware of them.
9. For your safety, always keep a distance from wildlife and please do not disturb or feed them.
10. Please contact the Conservation Research Section of the headquarters at (03) 8621100 ext 701 before entering the ecology protected areas.
11. Always pay attention to personal safety and the safety of companions. Please maintain environmental cleanliness and follow the National Park Act and relevant rules and regulations.
The section of Suao-Hualien Highway from Heren to Taroko is about 19km and located in the east of Taroko National Park. Along the highway, visitors can appreciate the soaring Cingsui Rift Valley, the splendid Pacific Ocean, and the wonderful scenes where mountains and sea crisscross one another. There are trails reaching the coast for sightseeing at the Heren Border Tablet (168.6KM) and Zhongde Tunnel North Entrance (176.4KM). It takes about 20 minutes’ walk.
Originally called the Mystery Valley Trail, it is now an indigenous culture trail. The entrance is located down the stairs beneath the Shakadon Bridge. It is a path built within a marble cliff. It is about 4.5km to Sanjianwu. Water of the Shakadon River is clear all year round. The beauty of the water and stones are wonderful, and everywhere there is quiet and tranquility.
Yenzecou and Ciuchudong
The entire area is an uplifted coral reef platform filled with reefs and karsts. It is a superb spot for watching the sunset and the vistas of the park.
Lusui and Tiansiang
Lusui and Tiansiang seem to be perpetually in spring and have display centers, trails and accommodations. They are the important recreational locations in the gorge area. Plums and Sakura blossom at the chill in early spring. Yellow and red spots decorate the great green forest in late autumn to make the gorge even more romantic.
Green magic tree
The green magic tree in the foggy forest is a gigantic Lunta fir of about 3,200 years old. It is the only thousand-year-old tree on the Central Cross-island Highway. There are thick forests around with a wide range of species. In spring we can see the Rhododendron latoucheae Franch. & Finet, a breed of Rhododendron formosanum Hemsl., blooms all round. In autumn and winter, deciduous trees like the Acer palmatum Thunb. var. pubescens Li. and Acer rubescens/Acer morrisonense decorating the forests with their reddish leaves to embellish the entire area.
This is a famous spot for snow watching in winter due to its unique land formation However, flowers there blossom beautifully and luxuriantly. Visitors can enjoy ecological activities from the high-mountain trails on the Shihmen Mountain, East Hehuan Mountains and North Hehuan Mountains.
Last Updated: 2009-08-12
Time established: April 1985
Total area: 103,121 ha
Administrative region: Located in central Taiwan, covering Jhuorensi rural township in Hualian County, Taoyuan rural township in Kaohsiung County, Sinyi rural township, Nantou County and Alishan rural township, Jiayi County.
Geology and Topography
Yushan is located in the heart of Taiwan spanning Hualien, Kaohsiung, Nantou and Chiayi counties. Yushan National Park is a typical subtropical high-mountain park and one of a handful of areas in Taiwan where the primitive appearance is preserved. The park covers the tallest mountain in NE Asia, the Mt. Jade main peak with an elevation of 3,952m. Areas nearby the Yushan and Central Mountain Range are mountainous. There is a wide range of vegetation and faunae vary as the altitude changes. Due to the high elevation and vigorous topological cuts, tall mountains and deep valleys are the distinctive topological features of the area. There are 30 mountains over 3000m tall in the area ranking at the top 100 mountains in Taiwan and about 70% of the park area is over 2000m above sea level.
Fauna and Flora
Due to the changing topology and climate, plants grow luxuriantly in the area, thus nourishing diversified animal resources. Along the Raguragu River we even discover the Taiwan-unique Hemimyzon taitungensis and the Varicorhinus alticorpus (sharp-jaw barbell), the Formosan serow, Formosan sambar, Formosan black bear, the Formosan wild boar, the Formosan barking deer and the Formosan rock-monkey. They are quite active, large animals in the park. Due to the topological specialty of the park, gorges, rift valleys and wind gaps are found in the park with an altitude difference up to 3600m. Together with the changing climates, the park spans three climates: warm, temperate and cold climates. Therefore, there is a wide range of plants, including both subtropical vegetation and scenes on northern countries.
Culture and History
The human inhabitation on Yushan can be traced back to 1000 years ago. Located on high elevation and far away from the city, only the Bunun Tribe is still living in the mountain. The Batongguan Historic Trail marks an important milestone of the aggressive cultivation of Taiwan during the Qing Dynasty and is a testament to the hardships of the Han Tribe to cultivate the mountain. The Batongguan Traversing Trail and the Guanshanyeu Protection Line tells of the heroic defense of the Bunun Tribe against the Japanese invasion during the Japanese Colonization.
Yushan penetrates vertically along the south of the Central Mountain Range and runs horizontally across the northeast of Mabo Vertical Fault. It has been the heart of Taiwan ever since ancient times, acting as the ridge of Taiwan.
A third of the famous mountains and valleys on the island are located in the park area containing old geological structures. The spectacular topological landscapes, comprehensive animal, and plant ecologies surprise all who come in contact with them. Experiencing the ancient geological development through the discovery period of Western civilization, through to the massive movement of indigenous people to racial integration, Yushan has accumulated a rich and deep cultural heritage, including the Batongguan Ancient Trail that left behind from the Qing Dynasty and the culture and traditions of the Tsou and Bunun tribes.
The value of Yushan National Park, founds on its unearthed mountain and river landscapes and rich cultural and historical links, is incomparable and it is considered as the best amongst all national parks.
Yushan National Park Headquarters 300 Jhongshan Road Section 1, Suili Township, Nantou County, Taiwan 55304
Service hours: 8:30-17:00 Tel: 886-49-2773-121 Fax: 886-49-2348-274 Website: Yushan National Park
1. Northwest Park Area
(1) Suili—Yushan Section (Provincial Highway No.21): Suili of Nantou—Sinyi—Heshe—Tatajia Visitor Center
(2) Chiayi—Yushan Section (Provincial Highway No.18): Chiayi—Alishan—Tatajia Visitor Center
2. South Park Area
(1) Tainan—Yakou (Provincial Highway No.20): Tainan—Jiasian—Baolai—Taoyuan—Meishan Visitor Center—Yakou
(2) Taitung—Yakou (Provincial Highway No.20): Taitung—Guanshan—Lidao—Yakou
3. East Park Area Yuli—Yakou (Provincial Highway No.30): Yuli—Zolu—Nanan Visitor Center—Shanfeng Entry
1. Road condition in mountain areas is unstable and falling stones or landslides are common.
2. Please do not linger or take pictures in places where there are falling stones or landslides.
3. Afternoon showers or thick fog are common in summer, and skidding along the frozen road surface is common in winter. Please drive carefully and slowly!
4. Formosan rock monkeys, Mikado pheasants and Swinhoe’s pheasants are commonly seen along the highways toward the park. Please drive carefully and do not feed them.
5. From June to November is the mating season for hornets. When frightened they may easily sting during at this period. Please be careful.
6. Please be well-equipped and prepare adequate food for hiking. Please also apply for mountain and park entry permits in advance when hiking.
7. Do not litter in the park and please bring all garbage back down the mountain.
The Yushan Mountain Range is located in the central of Taiwan Island. It has overlapping peaks, soaring mountains, steep river valleys with vegetations that varies as the altitude changes. There are three climates on the mountain, subtropical, temperate and cold. The faunae changes with the climate; there are also different kinds of wildlife. The main peak is 3952m above sea level, the tallest in Taiwan and NE Asia. The Taiwanese consider the mountain sacred.
The New Central Cross-island Highway in Tatajia is the gateway to the northwest of Yushan National Park and to mountain climbing. The highest point of the New Central Cross-island Highway is located at about 2600 above sea level at the intersection of Provincial Highway Nos. 18 and 21. Many trails have been planned there, such as the trails toward the Dongpu Prairie, Lulinshan and Cizishan. The spectacular and diversified ecological resources along the trails are suitable for hiking.
Batongguan is the water divide that one must take when visiting the Chenyaolan River and Laonon River. It is also the intersection of the Batongguan Historic Trail built during the Qing Dynasty and the Batongguan Traversing Trail built by the Japanese during the their colonization. There are rich cultural and historical relics, prairie landscapes and animal habitats. It is the favorite of visitors when flowers are blossoming in spring.
The Southern Cross-island Highway is the access to the major recreational spots in the south of Yushan National Park. The Meishan Recreational Area along the highway is filled with Bunun culture. The Tianzi Recreational Area is a high-mountain lake with quiet scenes. The Jhongziguan Trail is an ideal spot for leisure and hiking.
Walami in Nanan is a famous attraction in the east of Yushan National Park. It is the hometown of the Formosan black bears. The Walami Trail forms the east section of the Batongguan Cross-mountain Route built by the Japanese during the their colonization and is the ideal trail for ecology visitors.
Last Updated: 2013-09-14