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Home > ABOUT THE PARKS > National Parks of Taiwan
National Parks of Taiwan
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Publish Date:2009-07-27
Time established:
April 1985

Total area: 103,121 ha

Administrative region: Located in central Taiwan, covering Jhuorensi rural township in Hualian County, Taoyuan rural township in Kaohsiung County, Sinyi rural township, Nantou County and Alishan rural township, Jiayi County.

Geology and Topography

Yushan is located in the heart of Taiwan spanning Hualien, Kaohsiung, Nantou and Chiayi counties. Yushan National Park is a typical subtropical high-mountain park and one of a handful of areas in Taiwan where the primitive appearance is preserved. The park covers the tallest mountain in NE Asia, the Mt. Jade main peak with an elevation of 3,952m. Areas nearby the Yushan and Central Mountain Range are mountainous. There is a wide range of vegetation and faunae vary as the altitude changes. Due to the high elevation and vigorous topological cuts, tall mountains and deep valleys are the distinctive topological features of the area. There are 30 mountains over 3000m tall in the area ranking at the top 100 mountains in Taiwan and about 70% of the park area is over 2000m above sea level.

Fauna and Flora

Due to the changing topology and climate, plants grow luxuriantly in the area, thus nourishing diversified animal resources. Along the Raguragu River we even discover the Taiwan-unique Hemimyzon taitungensis and the Varicorhinus alticorpus (sharp-jaw barbell), the Formosan serow, Formosan sambar, Formosan black bear, the Formosan wild boar, the Formosan barking deer and the Formosan rock-monkey. They are quite active, large animals in the park. Due to the topological specialty of the park, gorges, rift valleys and wind gaps are found in the park with an altitude difference up to 3600m. Together with the changing climates, the park spans three climates: warm, temperate and cold climates. Therefore, there is a wide range of plants, including both subtropical vegetation and scenes on northern countries.

Culture and History

The human inhabitation on Yushan can be traced back to 1000 years ago. Located on high elevation and far away from the city, only the Bunun Tribe is still living in the mountain. The Batongguan Historic Trail marks an important milestone of the aggressive cultivation of Taiwan during the Qing Dynasty and is a testament to the hardships of the Han Tribe to cultivate the mountain. The Batongguan Traversing Trail and the Guanshanyeu Protection Line tells of the heroic defense of the Bunun Tribe against the Japanese invasion during the Japanese Colonization. 

Yushan map

Last Updated on 2013-09-14
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