Page 1 of 3Time established:
November 1986 Total area:
Stretching over Sioulin rural township, Hualian County, Heping rural township, Taichung County and Renai rural township, Nantou County
Landscape and Geology
Taroko National Park is a mountain national park with almost 50% of the area located over 2000m above sea level and 27 of the Top 100 Mountains in Taiwan. The Hehuanshan Mountains, Heshecilai, Central Cianshan and Nanhu Mountain form the unique geographical landscapes in the park. The gorge is made up of layers of marble, schist, gneiss and phyllite, and the gorge itself is a miniature version of the eastern part of the Central Mountain Range. For the same reason, many special land formations are found there, including the ring valley, the gorge, the rift valley, high-level terrace and the meander core.
Flora and Fauna
The height difference between the mouth of Liwu River near sea level and the Nanhu Mountain in the area is 3742m. When climbing the gorge from the Central Cross-island Mountain, one can experience all four seasons in the same day. Plant landscapes change along with the altitude, and the plant ecology in the high mountain and limestone areas are the most characteristic. The rich land formations and plant faunae in the area provide the best habitats for various animals. Vascular bundle plants found there share about a third of all plant families across Taiwan. The terrestrial mammals there share about half of all mammal families in Taiwan. Ninety percent of the resident birds and over half of all butterflies found in Taiwan are seen in the park.
Historical and Cultural Sites
A group of people with a mixture of Kirin and Puyuma cultures entered the mouth area of Liwu River (Fushih site) about 2000 years ago and were the first inhabitants of Taroko. About 1200 years ago, a group of Provincial Shihsanhang people skilled in pottery entered and settled at mid- and down-stream from the Liwu River. About 200-300 years ago, Truku people and Tuse people from the Sedeq Group of the Truku Tribe moved eastward and settled in mid- and up-stream from the Liwu River and Tuse River areas. It was not until the Truko Incident of 1894 and the Wushe Incident of 1920, that these indigenous people were forced by the Japanese to migrate to the lower mountain area or flatland areas to facilitate their control and management. Today, a total of 79 historic sites of indigenous people are found in the area.