Internationally recognized as the "Butterfly Kingdom," approximately 400 species of butterflies have been discovered in Taiwan, with 180 sighted within the grounds of Yangmingshan National Park. Every May to July when the weather gradually turns warmer, the emergence of various types of butterflies can be seen in succession. This is also when butterfly food, a network of nectar plants, enters the flowering season. At this time, the Yangmingshan trail is filled with a diversity of butterflies with the Chestnut Tiger (Parantica sita) making up the majority!
Thesudden drop in temperature during the Ice Age transformed the environment, withnumerous species driven to extinction or forced to relocate. The salamander,once located in the low latitude regions during the Ice Age, remained in thealpine regions of Taiwan due to glacial retreat, rising temperatures andbulging plates; therefore, it is now distributed in the southernmost part of earth.Currently, there are five species of salamander, including the GuanwuSalamander, Alishan Salamander, Formosan Salamander, Sonani's Salamander andNanhu Salamander.
Every year, between September and April next year, large flocks of an endangered species, the "Black-faced Spoonbills", visit Taiwan to spend the winter here. In 2011, the global population of Black-faced Spoonbills was approximately 2,600, with 1,500, or more than half of the population, appearing in Tainan. Since being founded on December 28, 2009, the Taijiang National Park headquarters has been dedicated to strengthening relevant conservation and research efforts, and the "Becoming Acquainted with Black-faced Spoonbill" event is also organized annually before they arrive in Taiwan or before they return north, so as to promote the Black-faced Spoonbill and the concept of sustainable habitat through the edutainment approach.
December 6th, 2011, held the inauguration of the Shoushan National Nature Park, the first to be established entirely by the efforts of the civilian conservation groups, marking a new page in the history of Taiwan’s biological conservation and environmental education.The elevation of the status of the Shoushan Park into National Park level was the dream of Den-Yi Wu, former Mayor of Kaohsiung and current Premier of the R.O.C. In the October of 2009, during his survey of the disaster damage in Southern Taiwan, Mayor Chen Chu also requested the transformation of Shoushan into a national park. The CPAMI immediately began the work of site surveying, evaluation and planning for the national Nature park.
The Cigu Lagoon is the remnant of the waters of Taijiang, which provides a habitat for thriving tidal flat plants such as mangroves, sea purslane and algae, as well as mudskipper, fiddler crabs and water birds. Each year, tens of thousands of migratory birds pass through here; even endangered species such as black faced spoonbills visit Cigu to take shelter from the winter!