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Yangmingshan

Autumn in Mt.Datun
Autumn in Mt.Datun (by Cai Dong-cin)

Time established: September 1985
Total area: 11,338 ha
Administrative region:
Located in the northern edge of the Taipei basin. The area includes some of the mountainous areas in Shilin and Beitou Districts of Taipei City, and some areas in the districts of New Taipei City such as Tamsui, Sanzhi, Shimen, Jinshan and Wanli.

Official Website

Landscape and Geology


Different from the high mountain national parks, Yangmingshan National Park has a lower elevation. Even though mountain elevations range from only 200-1120 meters, beautiful landscapes such as ridges, valleys, lakes, waterfalls and basins are abundant. Andesite rocks make up most of the area's geology.

Flora and Fauna


Due to the effects of post-volcanic activity and precipitation, soil in the region is highly acidic. With the influence of the northeast monsoon and the area's microclimates, winter temperatures are much lower than the surrounding areas.  The above factors cause the vegetation to differ from those in other regions at the same latitude. Some medium and high altitude plants can be found here such as Bird-lime Tree and Hairy Japanese Maple. Vegetation groups can be divided into subtropical monsoon rain forests, temperate evergreen broadleaf forests and mountain ridge grasslands. There are 1360 species of vascular bundle plants in the region.  Some of the common ones are Red Nanmu, Large-leaved Machilus, Formosan Sweet Gum, Taiwan Cherry, Mori cleyera and Dark Spotted Cherry. The most famous is Taiwan Isoetes in Menghuan pond, an aquatic fern only found in Taiwan.  Mt. Datun is one of the most well known places to see some of the 168 different species of butterflies in northern Taiwan.  The best time to view the butterflies is from May to August.  The most common ones are from the Families Papilionidae, Danainae and Nymphalidae.  There are also 122 species of birds in the region.

Historical and Cultural Sites


Yangmingshan, previously known as Grass Mountain, was developed quite early because it is close to the Taipei basin. The past influence of the Ketagalan, Han, Dutch, Spanish and Japanese cultures, has left the area rich in historic heritage.

Yangmingshan map
Yangmingshan map

Crystallized sulfur
Crystallized sulfur ( by Chen Chin-ming )

Beautiful Yangmingshan


Yangmingshan National Park is situated between the subtropical and temperate zones.  The additional impact of the northeast monsoon leads to weather patterns that shape the unique scenic spots of Yangmingshan National Park.

In early spring, the green sprouts of azalea Rhododendron and Formosan Sweet Gum bring varied colors and great vitality to Yangmingshan.  In summer, after misty rains, Cingtiangang grassland is full of the fragrance of green grass.  When autumn comes, the red spiked  silver grass sway in the wind along Mt. Datun, Mt. Cising and Cingtiangang make up a picture of the 「Datun Autumn Beauty」.  At the end of the year,northeast monsoon brings cold wind and drizzle; the moving clouds and fog to make it a poetic landscape.

Picturesque Yangmingshan National Park is unique in its volcanic topography as well as in its close proximity to densely populated Taipei city.

Hydrothermal altered Rocks. A total of two pictures.
Hydrothermal altered Rocks ( by Chen Chin-ming )

Cingtiangang grassland
Cingtiangang grassland ( by Chang Cheng-shiung )

Recreation Information


Yangmingshan National Park Headquarters 1-20, Jhuzihhu Rd.,Yangmingshan, Taipei City, Taiwan 11292
Service hours: 8:30-17:00
Tel: 886-2-2861-3601
Fax: 886-2-2861-1504
Website: Yangmingshan National Park Headquarters

Transportation Guide

  1. Taipei Main Station — Visitor Center:
    Danshui MRT Line or Beitou MRT Line — Jiantan Terminal MRT Station — Bus Red No. 5 bus — Yangmingshan Bus Main Station — Park Shuttle Bus 108
  2. Taipei Fine Arts Museum — Visitor Center:
    1. (1) Bus 260 — Yangmingshan Bus Main Station — Park Shuttle Bus 108
    2. (2) Royal bus
  3. Jiantan MRT Station — Bus Red 5 — Yangmingshan Bus Station — Park Shuttle Bus 108

Precautions

  1. High temperature areas such as fumaroles and geothermal springs are unstable.  Always stay on the trail.
  2. To avoid slipping, getting lost or snake and insect encounters, stay on the trail.
  3. Trails may be slippery, walk slowly.
  4. Use headlights at all times when driving on mountainous roads. In fog, use fog lights and drive slowly.
  5. Be prepared for rapid climate change before climbing mountains and hiking.
  6. In case of encountering poisonous snakes or wasps, leave quickly and quietly. Do not wear colorful clothes or use perfumes, so as to avoid attack by wasps.

Siaoyoukeng

Siaoyoukeng is located at the foot of Mt. Cising and above Datun Bridge on Yangjin Highway with an elevation of about 800 meters. It is a post-volcanic geological scenic spot, with views of an active fumarole, crystallized sulfur and the resulting landscape.

Mt. Cising
Mt. Cising is the its highest peak in Yangmingshan National Park and the Taipei City area. The mountain top was once a volcanic crater but in time has eroded into seven smaller summits with the main peak having an elevation of 1120 meters.

Yangmingshuwu

"Yangmingshuwu" (originally named Chungsin Guest House), is located on Chungsin Rd. close to Yangjin Highway. It covers an area of about 15 hectares and was built during 1969-1970. Today it is one of the important historic and cultural sites in the park.

Erzihping Three ponds are located in the lowlands between Mt. Datun and Mt. Erzih in the western area of Yamgmingshan National Park and are often covered in a mist.

Datun Nature Park

Datun Nature Park, is located between north Mt. Datun and Mt. Caigongkeng, and is next to county road 101 (Bailaka Road). This volcanic basin features regenerated temperate zone broadleaf forests.

Lengshuikeng

Lengshuikeng is located at the east side of Mt. Cising, and is now a dry lakebed dammed by lava from Mt. Cising and Mt. Cigu. The hot spring temperature here is less than 40℃, lower than the 90℃ in other areas in the Park, thus the name Lengshuikeng (cold water pit). It is the only mine bed of solid sulfur granules in Taiwan.

Jyuansih Waterfall

Jyuansih Waterfall is the upstream source of Neishuang Creek, with an elevation of about 14 meters. The waterfall falls as softly and elegantly as spun silk, and the rocks below take on a rusty color due to ferromagnesian oxidization.

Cingtiangang

Cingtiangang is a grassland terrace formed  by northward flowing lava from Mt. Jhugao The location was a grazing area for cows in the early years It is now managed by the Taipei City Agricultural Association. The grassland is mainly covered with Carpet Grass and Crenate-leaved Eurya,which stretches for several miles and is a good place for holidays in northern Taiwan.

Tianxi Park Ecological Educational Center

Tianxi Park is situated in at the southeast area of  Yangmingshan National Park. It is part of the subtropical broadleaf forest ecology influenced by the northeast monsoon. The various streams, luxurious forests, and close  proximity to the Neishuang Creek in Taipei City provide many educational and tourism opportunities.

Lujiaokeng Creek
Lujiaokeng Creek ( by Chuang Shin-shien )
Stag beetles
Stag beetles ( by Huang Chao )
Autumn maple leaves
Autumn maple leaves ( by Kuo Chao-shiang )
Colorful stones in Huang Creek
Colorful stones in Huang Creek ( by Yang Ming-cang )
Blue-spotted Monarch
Blue-spotted Monarch ( by Li Kun-yao )
Waterfalls
Waterfalls ( by Lin Pi-yi )
Blossoming Taiwan Cherry
Blossoming Taiwan Cherry ( by Ye Ruei-cong )
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