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NP QUARTERLY

December 2018

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The Great Mountain for Kinmen People - Taiwu Mountain Trails

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Yu-Chang Road Memorial Archway
Yu-Chang Road Memorial Archway

Article & Photo / Provided by Kinmen National Park Headquarters

The birth of Kinmen Island can be traced to from 100 million years to 200 million years ago. At the time, the Nanling latitudinal structural system went through a series of tectonic plate movements, including the Yenshanian movement, the Himalayan Movement, which resulted in many fragmented protruding islands at the eastern edge of the geological fold. These were the embryonic form of the Kinmen Islands. Later, with ultra-active movement in geological fault, lava welled forth from the subterranean g rounds . When the lava cooled, granite structures and the Metamorphic Rock type Granite-gneiss structures were formed. Taiwu Mountain, the highest peak situated in the east of Kinmen, consists mainly of these two types of rock.

Where does the name Taiwu come from? According to the Kinmen Archives, “the rocks clustered together in a form similar to a Dou-Mou” (Ancient warriors’ helmet), and thus they were named “Taiwu Mountain.” Although measuring only 253 meters above sea level, when gazed at from the ocean, the mountains look like a celestial being lying prone, and thus they also gained the name “Celestial Being Mountain,” and furthermore is a “Big Mountain” in the hearts of the residents of Kinmen.

“Wu Wang Zai Ju Inscription” is a renowned scenic spot of Kinmen.
“Wu Wang Zai Ju Inscription” is a renowned scenic spot of Kinmen.
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